President Facts List

Valorie Delp
Presidents.jpg
Learn US History by studying a President facts list.

Studying a President facts list, students can learn a great deal about American history, government, and trivia.

George Washington, 1789 to 1797

  • Was the first President of the United States.
  • Defeated the English in the Revolutionary War.
  • Warned against having a two party political system.

John Adams, 1797 to 1801

  • Was elected as Vice President under George Washington.
  • Called the office of Vice President the "most insignificant office ever contrived."
  • Was known for being intensely articulate and hot-headed.

Thomas Jefferson, 1801 to 1809

  • Known as the "silent member" of Congress because he was bad at public speaking. (He contributed through his writings.)
  • Wrote a bill establishing religious freedom.
  • Vice President to John Adams through a flaw in the constitution. He was Adams' opponent.
  • Acquired the Louisiana Territory in 1803.

James Madison, 1809 to 1817

  • He helped write the Federalist essays.
  • Key contributor to the Bill of Rights.
  • He was not known for his charm but everyone loved his wife, Dolly.
  • Was president during the war of 1812.

James Monroe, 1817 to 1825

  • Known for being incredibly honest.
  • His foreign policy platform, that Europe should not attempt to recolonize Latin America, became known as the "Monroe Doctrine."

John Quincy Adams, 1825 to 1829

  • The first son of a former President to serve as President himself.
  • Known as an excellent secretary of state preceding his Presidency.
  • Served the rest of his life in the House of Representatives and fought against slavery and other policies he opposed.

Andrew Jackson, 1829 to 1837

  • Killed a man who had slurred his wife.
  • Never formally educated, but became a well known and successful lawyer.
  • Considered a national hero for defeating the British at New Orleans in 1812.

Martin Van Buren, 1837 to 1841

  • Was President Andrew Jackson's most trusted advisor.
  • Contributed substantially to the first depression.

William Henry Harrison, 1841

  • Known as a military hero for defending settlers against Indians.
  • Less than a month after taking office, he died from a cold that developed into pneumonia, making him the first President to die in office.

John Tyler, 1841 to 1845

  • Was the first Vice-President to be promoted to the Presidency due to the death of the President while in office.
  • Was the first President to have an impeachment resolution, having been accused of misusing his veto power.

James Knox Polk, 1845 to 1849

  • Known especially for expanding the territory for the United States. While in office, he acquired New Mexico and California, and Oregon. Acquiring the territories in the south served to stoke the fire for Civil War and the debate over the expansion of slavery in the north.

Zachery Tyler, 1849 to 1850

  • Best known for threatening war on states that were willing to secede from the union.

Millard Fillmore 1850 to 1853

  • Known in particular for settling or at least creating a truce regarding the territories that had been won from Mexico.

Franklin Pierce, 1853 to 1857

  • His policies opened up the possibility of the expansion of slavery into the west.
  • Supported a transcontinental railroad.

James Buchanan, 1857 to 1861

  • Only President to never marry.
  • Further divided the nation on the issue of slavery by his stance of letting the Supreme Court decide how states should join the union.

Abraham Lincoln, 1861 to 1865

  • Considered secession illegal, and presided over the Civil War.
  • Issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing all slaves in all the United States.
  • He was the first President to be assassinated.

Andrew Johnson, 1865 to 1869

  • Was generally considered ineffective at the task of reconstruction after the Civil War.
  • First President to have Congress override his veto.

Ulysses S. Grant, 1869 to 1877

  • Best known for leading the North during the Civil War.

Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877 to 1881

  • His wife was the first to banish all liquors and wines from the White House.
  • First President to lose the popular vote but win the electoral vote and thus win the presidency.

James Garfield, 1881

  • The second President to be assassinated.
  • Was successful at strengthening federal authority over the New York Customs House.

Chester Arthur, 1881 to 1885

  • Known for championing Civil Service causes and helping pass the Pendleton Act which prevented people from being removed from office for political reasons.
  • His administration enacted the first Federal Immigration legislation.

Grover Cleveland, 1885 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897

  • Only President to serve two terms non-consecutively.
  • He was also the only President to be married while in the White House.
  • Know for both furthering an acute depression by his policies and being opposed to federal monies being handed out as "special favors."

Benjamin Harrison, 1889 to 1893

  • Known for creating and promoting numerous programs that helped expand the military, the railroads, and other systems in the United States.

William McKinley, 1897 to 1901

  • McKinley was elected to two terms as President but was the third President to be assassinated in office.
  • His administration encouraged the 100 days war in which the United States helped Cuba fight for independence.

Theodore Roosevelt, 1901 to 1909

  • Forged and expanded new conservation projects.
  • Won the Nobel peace prize for his role in mediating the Russo-Japanese War.
  • Ensured that the Panama Canal was built.
  • Considered one of the greatest Presidents.

William Howard Taft, 1909 to 1913

  • Taft's unpopularity overshadowed any good that his administration did do which included over 80 anti-trusts suits, Congress's approval of a federal income tax, and the establishment of a postal savings system.
  • He later wrote that he, "Barely remembered he was President," as he considered his greatest achievements to be on the judiciary bench.

Woodrow Wilson, 1913 to 1921

  • Led the United States into WWI by asking Congress to declare war on Germany.
  • Passed several key pieces of legislation, including: child labor laws, and the establishment of the eight hour workday.
  • Established the Federal Trade Commission to promote fair business practices.

Warren Harding, 1921 to 1923

  • Peace treaties were signed during his administration formally ending the war.
  • Helped establish the Department of Veteran Affairs.

Calvin Coolidge, 1923 to 1929

  • Known as the President who did nothing effectively-he pledged himself to maintain the status quo of prosperity that was happening in the country at the time.
  • Also known for saying very little, but being gracious in welcoming all sorts of delegations to the white house.
  • Fiscally, Coolidge was very conservative.

Herbert Hoover, 1929 to 1933

  • He was considered the scapegoat for the Great Depression as the stock market crashed a few months after he took office.
  • Strongly opposed the New Deal and was a powerful and outspoken critic.
  • Felt that caring for the poor should be a local and voluntary responsibility and not a government responsibility.

Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933 to 1945

  • Known for saying, "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.
  • Theodore Roosevelt was his fifth cousin.
  • Introduced the "New Deal" which brought sweeping reform to those in need.
  • Introduced Social Security.
  • Pearl Harbor was attacked during his Presidency, thus entering the United States into World War II.

Harry S. Truman, 1945 to 1953

  • Inherited the Presidency from Roosevelt, when Roosevelt passed away suddenly in 1945.
  • Ordered atomic bombs to be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, forcing Japan's surrender in the war.
  • Expanded on Roosevelt's policies with what was known as "The Fair Deal."
  • Established NATO.
  • Contributed substantially to modern day foreign relations policies.

Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953 to 1961

  • Sent troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce desegregation and initiated desegregation of military troops as well.
  • Known in foreign policy as expanding and eased tensions of the Cold War.

John F. Kennedy, 1961 to 1963

  • His most famous quote from his inaugural address was: "Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country."
  • Was the fourth President to be assassinated in office.
  • Successfully "convinced" Russia to remove missiles in Cuba.

Lyndon Johnson 1963 to 1969

  • Sent troops to Vietnam to fight against communism.
  • Pushed through Congress, "The Great Society Program", a massive piece of legislation that worked towards conservation, expanding services to the impoverished, aid to education, beautification and a whole slew of other programs.

Richard Nixon, 1969 to 1974

  • Best known for the Watergate scandal which led to his resignation.
  • Brought end to fighting in Vietnam and improved foreign policy with both communist Russia and China.

Gerald Ford, 1974 to 1977

  • Was Nixon's appointed Vice President and became President when Nixon resigned over Watergate.
  • Gave a full pardon to Nixon.
  • He vetoed 39 measures during his first 14 months in office to help decrease the national deficit.

Jimmy Carter, 1977 to 1981

  • Despite increasing jobs and decreasing the budget deficit, his administration is most notably connected with inflation and high interest rates.
  • Since the Presidency, he is known for being actively involved with Habitat for Humanity and for championing human rights causes.

Ronald Reagan, 1981 to 1989

  • One of the most popular Presidents in US history, he won with a whopping 400 electoral votes more than his opponent Jimmy Carter.
  • By the end of his administration, American had had its longest period of peace with no economic recession or depression.
  • Met with Gorbachev to eliminate medium range missiles.

George H. W. Bush, 1989 to 1993

  • Sent troops into Kuwait to defeat Iraq's Saddam Hussein.
  • Invaded the Panama Canal and brought Manuel Noriega to the United States to be tried as a drug trafficker.

William J. Clinton, 1993 to 2001

  • By the end of Clinton's administration, the national budget had a surplus for the first time in decades. His administration is associated with economic prosperity.
  • Enjoyed unprecedented popularity abroad, drawing huge crowds where he traveled based on his platform of worldwide cooperation in drug trafficking, and US style democracy.

George W. Bush, 2001 to 2009

  • Pushed through Congress the "No Child Left Behind Act", a bipartisan educational initiative.
  • In response to coordinated terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, G.W. Bush invaded Afghanistan and Iraq. The U.S. Military successfully deposed Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

Barack H. Obama, 2009 to present

  • First African American President.

Learn more about Obama and homeschooling.

President Facts List